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福利来了 | 如何巧妙地在朗诵中提高英语能力?

  •   朗诵可以提高孩子对文字的理解能力和语言表达能力,同时朗读也给孩子提供了一个专注于pronunciation和pacing的机会,而不用专注于某个单词。

      因此,朗诵,也是帮助young learners学习语言、灵活运用语言的一种有效形式。那么朗诵的时候需要注意些什么呢??快随小编来看一下吧。

      下文将用第二人称进行表述~

    选择一首你喜欢的诗

      Choose a Poem that “Speaks to You”

      在选择一首篇目时,一定要选一首你真正喜欢的诗。你越喜欢这首诗,学习和背诵它就会越有趣。无论这首诗的情感是怎样的:有趣的、严肃的、悲伤的,欢快的,惊悚的,悲壮的,甚至是一首情诗,如果是一首“Speak to you”的诗,一首让你能体会并融入感情的诗,你会更加有信心去分享,也就能做的更好。

      When choosing a poem to recite, be sure to pick a poem that you really like. The more you like the poem, the more fun you will have learning and reciting it. Whether it’s a funny poem, a serious poem, a sad poem, a sports poem, a spooky poem, a jump-rope rhyme, or even a love poem, if it’s a poem that “speaks to you” – a poem that makes you feel something – you are going to enjoy sharing it with your audience.

    理解这首诗的内容

      Understanding the Work

      你需要对这首诗有自己的理解才能正确的朗读它。

      -首先,确定诗歌类型。民谣是讲述民间故事或传说的诗歌,通常是为演唱而写的,而史诗则是讲述英雄故事的严肃诗歌。因此,民谣更倾向于以抒情的方式朗诵,强调和谐,而史诗则可以以严肃的方式描绘。

      -接下来,检查一下这首诗的主题:一首关于爱的民谣与一首关于死亡的民谣有着不同的基调。

      -确定作者的态度,因为这也会影响诗歌的朗诵方式。

      -反复阅读这首诗,直到你完全领会它的精髓。

      You must demonstrate understanding of a poem to be able to recite it properly. First, identify the poem type. Ballads are poems that tell folk tales or legends and are generally written to be sung, whereas epics are serious poems that tell the story of a hero. Ballads, therefore, are more likely to be recited in a lyrical manner, with an emphasis on harmony, and epics can be portrayed in a dissonant way. Next, examine the subject of the poem. A ballad about love will have a different tone than one about death. Determine the author’s attitude toward the subject, as that, too, will affect the manner in which the poem should be recited. Reread the poem many times until you have a complete grasp of its essence. 

    记忆

      Memorization

      背下这首诗,这是朗读的必要条件。如果你是一个语言学习者,试着用手多次抄写这首诗,使之内化。然后,试着根据记忆来默写这首诗。背诵不仅有助于你将它投入到记忆中,而且有助于你把握它应该拥有的节奏。

      Memorize the poem, as this is essential to reciting it naturally. If you’re a verbal-linguistic learner, try copying the poem by hand many times to internalize it. Then, try writing the poem from memory. Read the poem aloud to yourself. Not only will this help you commit it to memory, but it can help you determine the rhythm it should have. 

    朗读出来

      Recitation

      朗诵一首诗最困难的一个方面是决定断行是否意味着停顿。例如,语法停顿是由标点表示的,例如逗号或句点。情感停顿和戏剧停顿被用来产生情感和戏剧效果。理解一首诗的内容有助于你理解如何以及何时停顿。诗由韵脚组成,由两个、三个或四个音节组成。

      不要急于朗诵,但不要说得太慢,以致这首诗听起来不自然。让这首诗的基调和结构指引你。把这首诗讲得很清楚,每首诗的发音都清楚、正确。确保使用适当的音量,但不要混淆投入和叫喊。例如,在必要时提高或降低声音音量以获得强调或戏剧性效果,但一定要向观众突出。

      One of the most difficult aspects of reciting a poem is deciding whether a line break denotes a pause or not. Knowing the different types of pauses can help you decide when to pause. For instance, grammatical pauses are dictated by punctuation, such as a comma or period. Emotional pauses and dramatic pauses are used to give emotional and dramatic effects. Understanding the content of a poem helps you understand how and when to pause. Poems are made up of metrical feet, which consist of two, three or four syllables.

      Don’t rush through the recitation, but don’t speak so slowly that the poem sounds unnatural. Let the poem’s tone and structure guide you. Articulate the poem thoroughly, pronouncing each work clearly and correctly.Make sure you use the appropriate volume, but don’t confuse projection with yelling. For instance, raise or lower the volume of your voice for emphasis or dramatic effect when necessary, but always make sure to project to the entire audience.

    5 Tips for Poetry Performance

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      ▌本文来源:ETS TOEFL Junior中国管理中心

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